The need of media education
The mass media are an indispensable element in a person’s life. They have a decisive impact on the political and social life. They have also become deeply rooted in family life. It is also the child’s environment that has become dominated by the television, radio, video, and new generation media, such as the DVD, the satellite TV, the computer, computer games, the Internet and the mobile phone. The mass media may play a positive role both in school education and in education itself. However, they are also the source of serious educational threats, promoting pornography, violence, aggression, and a consumptive life style. Therefore, their ubiquity cannot be neglected by educators. There is a need for media education for children and young people in all types of schools, including higher education schools. Its goal is to show the influence of the media on a person’s personality and preparing students for appropriate reception of the media.
Key words: mass media, media education
Musical aptitude tesing in junior high school students
Teachers who conduct music classes in schools should, apart from knowing their students’ possibilities and preferences, also know how gifted their students are. The Musical Aptitude Tests could come in useful. This article presents the results of the tests conducted among junior high school students using Edwin E. Gordon’s Musical Aptitude Profile and Herbert’s D. Wing’s Standardised Test of Musical Intelligence. The results gained were compared with the standardised results. The students’ musical age was estimated, as well as their musical quotient, and some conclusions were made with regard to the usefulness of such tests in school practice.
Key words: musical aptitude tests, musical quotient, musical age, music in junior high schools, music education, artistic classes
Special needs education and its place in the system of sciences
This article is concerned with issues connected with special needs education and its place in the system of sciences. This article also presents the results of the author’s own research conducted so far and connected with the problem. The connection between special needs education and other disciplines shows in the fact that special needs education uses the academic achievements of other disciplines of knowledge, such as: medicine, sociology, psychology, law, economics, science and technology, axiology, and even the political sphere of the society. Special needs education is also an important link in the system of educational sciences. Issues connected with the integration of persons with disabilities and persons with no disabilities should also find their place among the numerous concerns of special needs education.
Key words: special needs education, educational sciences, disability, rehabilitation, integration
The role of conflict in the process of developing social competence using the group work method
The process of the psychosocial education of a man, within the scope of socialisation, starts in the family, and is then continued among peers, at school, in the neighbourhood and at work. In all the group types there is need for spontaneous learning, often determined by culture and tradition, and initiated by all interpersonal interactions. Teaching social competence comprises: attitudes, the system of values, ability to work in a group, interpersonal communication, solving problems, and managing critical situations.
Key words: social competence, group work, socialisation
Traditional education and upbringing have been using past models, and in this way have been determining what the future will be. However, this comfortable world has ceased to exist, and our education systems are attempting in vain to bear witness to the times which no longer exist.
Changes in the education system must take place, both with reference to the role of students and to the role of teachers, who have to learn to function in a new educational reality. A new way of teaching, with all the comprehensive philosophical foundations based on the new technologies and in accordance with a worked out strategy, constitutes a specific challenge for education, which also guarantees acquiring new abilities required in the 21th century.
Key words: education, reform of the education system, teaching
The man and the citizen in Antoni Popławski’s manuals of the Commission of National Education: “on the REGULATION and EXCELLING civic EDUCATION – PROJECT…”
The article comprises the description and interpretations of the moral and social topics contained in Antoni Popławski’s memorial “On the Regulation and Excelling Civic Education – Project…” presented in March 1774 on behalf of the Priarist Order of the Commission of National Education. It became to a great extent the basis for carrying out the reform of education by the Commission. Popławski’s views on education are presented here, and to an even greater extent his views concerning upbringing and moral education. This article concentrates on showing inspirations that the author used as a physiocrat when he was working on the Project. It is important because this French product of Dr Quesnay’s school for philosophers and economists became an almost official ideological basis of the school reforms carried out by the Commission of National Education.
Key words: education, upbringing, moral education, moral virtues
Interdental articulation in pre-school children as a speech disorder and an educational problem in today’s world
Interdental pronunciation is a serious speech disorder, as it has been classified as mispronunciation, i.e. a phoneme realisation outside of the scope of the acceptable variants. This mispronunciation is not the result of a child’s incomplete speech development, and it does not stop on its own, but is a speech pathology, and as such, requires treatment. In the recent years an increase in the occurrence of interdental pronunciation in children has been observed.
This article discusses the problem of incorrect interdental articulation in an examined population of children.
Key words: speech therapy, speech disorder, interdental pronunciation
Joanna B. Hałaj
The importance of psychology in pedagogy and education, with a particular emphasis on GESTALT psychology (gestalt pedagogy)
Psychology is a diversified science, and it contributes a lot to the educational practice. One of the most well known systems in pedagogy in which psychological effects are seen is the so-called J. Dewey’s active school, in which a special emphasis is put on the student’s initiative in the educational process. In contemporary pedagogy the usefulness of psychological knowledge is also seen in one of the most modern ways of teaching, which is Gestalt Pedagogy, which originated from the assumptions of the so-called Gestalt Psychology. This approach is widely discussed in the article as an interesting way of creative modern teaching. The article, with all its limitations, shows how difficult it could be to teach in a practical and effective way without having the knowledge provided by psychology, and how pedagogy, without psychology, would only be a theoretical scientific study, and proving this thesis by referring to, for example, psychology of teaching, educational psychology and psychology of learning, as trends with which pedagogy closely “cooperates”.
Key words: teacher, pedagogy, educational psychology, learning, education, Gestalt Pedagogy
Adult education in modern organization
Socialization and educational processes in organization are first of all considered in the position of understanding and organizational culture interpretation. Active cultural engagement fulfils a role of educational community, which serves the achievement of specific individualistic targets group and the effectiveness criterion of educational treatments. Education based on the experience of organization is described in concrete models and conceptions, which have an interdisciplinary character. Integration of upbringing, coaching and socialization processes is seen here as a basis for constructing the education system in organization. Contemplations summary carries out a role of general assumptions for educational functions and development in organization as also organizational procedures, processes and methods, which are considered as a starting point for exemplary model of adult education.
Key words: socialization, upbringing, coaching, competences, key competences, organizational culture, function of education and development in organization, development of employees.
The influence of the current Slovak policy on the poverty and family situation
The social and economic transformations which started in 1989 changed the status of almost all social entities. This article analyses the transformations from socialism to the democratic society and market economy. These transformations were taking place with full social acceptance. However, many people lost their jobs, a possibility to influence the directions of social changes, social benefits for their families and, very often, their own position in the family and in the society.
The article analyses the influence of the current policy on the occurrence of the problem of poverty, with a particular reference to children.
Key words: poverty, policy, family, the slovak republic
Age is not a detriment to language learning
Learning foreign languages may be a real pleasure in every age. It is important to choose the proper teaching method, which differs from the one we use to teach the children. Teaching older adults is an interesting experience. It is important for such learners to break the stereotype “the younger the better”. This article shows that older learners can be better students. There is no relationship between age and language learning. There is no loss of language ability or language learning ability over time. Older adults can successfully learn foreign languages. Teaching them is a real pleasure.
Key words: language abilities, language teaching, methods, teaching strategies
Craig Jr., Ronald E.
Comparative Participation in Education Among G-8 Countries 2006-2009
The G-8 countries represent the most economically developed countries in the world. Their performance is of crucial importance to any international, sociological study. This article will compare results from 2006 and 2009 Comparative Indicators of Education in the United States and Other G-8 Countries, published by the National Center for Education Statistics (NECS) with a special focus on the European members, France, Germany, Italy, and the United Kingdom. The purpose of this article is to examine how well or poorly the most economically developed European Union nations are competing with the remaining G-8 nations of the world, namely the United States, Canada, Japan, and the Russian Federation. The focus will be on the countries’ success at enrollment at all ages and final degree achievements in the adult populations.
Key words: G-8, comparative education, NECS
Renata Gulak, Piotr Hałasa
Using the scout method in the process of educational support for children with problems at school
Combining elements of the scout method with school education may become an effective way of integration, using various forms of children’s games, in which children gain knowledge, develop practical skills, shape positive attitudes, and learn how to take decisions and assume responsibility for them. It may constitute a useful alternative for students who have problems with school education and who cannot define their place at school, and outside of it, to help them to become responsible social human beings, and show them how to live and how to make the best of it. With all its elements, this method may become an optimal device, which will not only shape but also strengthen resistance in students who lack inner stimulation. It may help students develop their self-esteem, give satisfaction from the fact that one is needed, and at the same time, in accordance with the method’s main assumption, stimulate the students’ self-development.
Key words: school problems, education, scout method
Anna Mołdoch, Katarzyna Osoba
A contemporary character of education and socialisation as a consequence of electronic guardians in the family
It is well known that the family which appropriately fulfils its function is the most important educational environment for a man. It is available very early and it influences us. Unfortunately, the protective and educational function of a contemporary family is more and more often assumed by the media, i.e. the television and the computer (Internet). It is the media in its broadest definition which constitute the dominating living space for children and young people, and the family organisation and functioning are controlled by the media. They promote spending free time in a comfortable way, not involving intellectual effort or thinking, and thus, seem to be more attractive for children and young people. However, many hours spent in front of the television or computer screen may lead to social, psychological and physical disorders in children.
Key words: education, socialisation, the media
Patrycja Burak, Sylwia Palczewska
Risks and opportunities in the development of apt students
An apt student creates for both his teachers and his parents either an opportunity for creative work or is the beginning of teaching and educational failures. It often happens that abilities are not developed even if they are discovered, which results in their disappearance. In order to prevent it, they must be taken care of. Apt students require individualisation in the teaching and educational process. The teacher should adapt the teaching contents, methods, forms and the period of work to the possibilities and needs of his every student. Moreover, it is hard to talk about teaching, educating or developing the students’ abilities without cooperation with the students’ parents. Therefore, the diagnosis, methods of work, teaching aids, teaching contents, ways of motivating the students and strict cooperation with the parents and teachers, and above all, with the apt student himself, are the most important aspects of working with this group of students.
Key words: apt student, diagnosis, individualization
Prostitution as a phenomenon of social pathology
This article is concerned with the threats resulting from prostitution as social pathology. Social pathology is an unwanted phenomenon, which may bring about negative effects for the development of a certain community or the whole society. Pathology is present in various groups of people and is closely connected with the development of societies.
Key words: prostitution, social pathology
Delinquency as a phenomenon of social pathology
Delinquency is a serious problem all over the world nowadays, and is connected with the decline of authority, which constitutes the basis of upbringing in the family, in a group of peers, and in institutions connected with education and upbringing. Crimes committed by juvenile delinquents are the subject of various kinds of research, which is also conducted in Poland. Delinquency includes: violence, aggression, robberies, burglaries and thefts, extortions and murders. A steady increase in juvenile crime has been observed for many years now. There has not only been an increase in the number of offenders, but also in the number offences committed. What is disturbing is the fact that there has been a rise in the number of juveniles who commit the heaviest crimes which are dangerous for the life and health of people.
Key words: delinquency, social pathology, rehabilitation