dr Janusz Skwarek
MAIN PROBLEMS OF THE PEDAGOGY OF THE FUTURE: THE DISAPPEARANCE OF the SOCIAL COMPETENCE OF the YOUNG GENERATION AND FUNCTIONAL AND CULTURAL ILLITERACY
This article focuses in particular on educational problems connected with the upbringing of the young generation, which we start to witness nowadays, and which may become even more common in the future. The author notices that our attention should be drawn to one of the problems in particular, that is the disappearance of important life abilities in young people, defined as key social competences, as well as the phenomena of secondary, functional, mathematical and cultural illiteracy. Moreover, the article presents some methods of dealing with the above enumerated problems.
Key words: education, social competences, functional illiteracy, mathematical illiteracy, cultural illiteracy
dr hab. Piotr Mazur
EDUCATIONAL ROLE OF CATHOLIC MOVEMENTS AND ASSOCIATIONS
This article presents the main principles of charismatic movements – Renewal in the Holy Spirit and the Neocathechumenal Way. Among many Catholic organisations, the above enumerated movements undertake authentic formational work to shape a new Man. The Second Vatican Council raised the status of movements and associations in the evangelisation process. The conducted formational and educational work is focussed on the transmission of evangelical values. Contemporary Catholic movements play an important role in the process of teaching such values as: faith, hope, love, truth, freedom and responsibility.
Key words: Catholic movements and associations, education, values in the educational process
dr Czesław Galek
Moral education is an important element of a young person’s education. Neglecting moral education, either in family upbringing or in school education, results in negative behaviour, pathologies, or even in juvenile delinquency. Thus, restoring its appropriate reputation is one of the most urgent tasks of contemporary pedagogical theory and practice. The goal of moral education is to transmit the knowledge concerning moral problems, to enable people to distinguish good from evil, to choose what is good and noble, and to avoid, or eliminate, what is wrong or evil from the moral point of view. Shaping one’s character plays an important role in moral education. It gives the student inner strength to behave in accordance with the commonly binding moral norms and to implement the chosen values. Moral education should also help students to shape the appropriate hierarchy of values. Its crowning achievement shall be a mature personality of the students and their subjectivity.
Key words: moral education, hierarchy of values, shaping one’s character, personality
dr Andrzej Lipczyński
THE GROUP AND ITS MORAL AND IMMORAL BEHAVIOUR FROM THE PERSPECTIVE OF SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY
This paper was inspired by repeated blameworthy behaviour of pseudo-fans in football stadiums, not only in Poland but also in other countries.
The behaviour of football pseudo-fans can be analysed on the level of social psychology and morality. Regardless of the religious, social and cultural background, this kind of behaviour is immoral and antisocial.
The antisocial behaviour in sports stadiums is witnessed by other group members who behave in a similar way, casual spectators and viewers in front of the TV. It is thought that this is not a satisfactory explanation. There must obviously be other factors, like for example personality factors, which trigger this kind of behaviour.
Key words: social psychology, morality, behaviour, group
mgr Magdalena Wierzańska
“ONCE UPON A TIME THERE WAS A… BOOK” REFLECTING ON THE VALUE OF BIBLIOTHERAPY IN THE CYBERSPACE ERA
“The society of the Internet and cyberspace” is not only a definition of the society which uses modern technologies for work and entertainment, but also perceives reality in a completely different way, and which has developed a new, fragmentary way of learning. The changes have taken place due to the dominance of the audiovisual “tools” with which young generations have been equipped since their early childhood. These tools have influenced young people’s behaviour, their attitudes and mental work. Planning the process of upbringing, education or therapy, we must look closely at these relationships in order to effectively support the intellectual development of children and young people.
Key words: cyberspace, bibliotherapy, fairy tale therapy, film therapy, linear and fragmentary teaching
dr Bernard Panasiuk, mgr inż. Ewa Panasiuk
SECONDARY SCHOOL ACHIEVEMENT TEST IN MIDDLE SCHOOL
This article presents the results of the survey testing the “level of difficulty” of secondary school achievement test tasks which was solved by middle school students. According to the survey, the secondary school achievement mathematics test in 2010 had not been “difficult”, because most of the tasks were successfully completed by many middle school students. Within the scope of the tasks tested, it turned out that middle school students received better results than their older schoolmates from complementary secondary and technical schools, but lower than students from secondary schools of general education, specialized secondary schools or technical schools.
Key words: middle school examination, secondary school achievement mathematics test, learning assessment, external examinations
dr Edward Przychodaj
CONTEMPORARY PROFESSIONAL CAREERS IN THE LIGHT OF THEORY AND PRACTICE
The objective of this article is a theoretical analysis of the problems of contemporary professional careers in the era of globalization, with an attempt to relate the phenomenon to practice. First, we should revise the basic knowledge about the conditions, essence and rules of contemporary careers and the functions fulfilled by vocational education, the main theories of educating as the object of interest of pedagogy of work, and also the science and practice of management. An essential part of our reflection should be the labour market issues as seen from the perspective of shaping the mechanisms of work supply and demand.
The article also considers the process of recruitment and selecting candidates for a job, as well as some problems of social and professional adaptation of workers, including its most important phases. They mostly concern the selection of workers and the type of recruitment. These issues are complementary in relation to the segments of the broadly understood learning organization. In the final remarks to the presented text, this concept is defined, pointing out to a close relationship between the learning organization and education and knowledge management, and underlining that a successful company is a knowledge-creating company.
Key words: globalization, professional career, vocational education, vocational qualification standards
mgr Anna Sak-Styczyńska
THE STUDENT AND THE TEACHER IN THE SCHOOL OF THE TWENTY-FIRST CENTURY
Nowadays, the student is used to a great number of stimuli. Traditional lessons are too monotonous for him, especially when they are conducted by teachers using an old fashioned language, and who do not notice the possibilities offered to education by technology. They want to teach in the way in which they were taught. They cannot even imagine a different formula. But the technological revolution has changed the world and people. The Traditional School, with a closed classroom, the teacher in the centre, a curriculum comprising segments not related to each other, isolation of students, and memorizing facts, was created in the 19th century, answering the needs of the industrial society. We now live in a different era, and this model does not fit here.
Key words: education, sensory preferences and dominances, multisensory learning, interhemispheric learning, learning through multiple intelligences
dr Bożena Krupa
EXTRACURRICULAR SPORTS CLASSES AS A FORM OF ALTERNATIVE PREVENTION
Free time is a chance but also a danger, especially for children and young people. Its excess and inadequate using of free time leads to the so called “empty time”, which causes various deviations and pathologies in young people.
Extracurricular classes, the students’ leisure time activities on the school’s premises, are an inherent part of the school didactic and educational work. Sport and all the activities promoting a healthy lifestyle constitute the foundation of alternative prevention aimed at children and young people.
For many young people, sport, apart from its health value, has been, and still is, the only way of getting away from everyday reality, often connected with poverty, and also from a pathological environment. Sport is very often the only way to achieve success.
Key words: sport, prevention, free time
dr Mariusz Sawa, mgr Joanna Sawa
NEUROFEEDBACK AS A MODERN METHOD SUPPORTING THE PROCESS OF RE-EDUCATION OF THE DEFICITS OF THE DYSLECTIC AND DYSORTHOGRAPHIC NATURE
In this article the authors introduce the problems connected with reading and writing that children and young people have. They describe the deteriorating character of functioning of young Polish people in this respect and point out to the reasons for it. In the other part of this article the authors present the method of neurofeedback as an example of a modern method supporting the process of re-education, especially with regard to the deficits of the dyslectic nature. They familiarize the reader with the true nature of the effects, the recommendations, the course of the therapy, and also the connection with the traditional re-education. They present literature concerning the problem and encourage the reader to study it.
Key words: dyslexia, dysorthography, re-education, neurofeedback
dr Andrzej Balasiewicz
ORGANISATIONAL CULTRE AS THE OBJECT OF INTEREST OF CONTEMPORARY PEDAGOGY
Organizational culture is a way of thinking and acting which new members have to learn and accept, if they want to be accepted as workers, and if they want to achieve success at work. An answer to the following question has to be found: how to use organizational culture to enrich the goals and content of pedagogy? How to restructure the self-knowledge of pedagogy on the basis of organizational culture, which is a constant characteristic feature of an organization, its personality, specific image and well-defined identity? What elements of organizational culture should be introduced in professional education in order to improve the relation between education and the labour market? This article is an attempt at identification of the organizational culture areas useful for pedagogy and an attempt to answer the above questions.
Key words: organizational culture, elements of organizational culture, culture paradigm, values, norms, competences, competence structures, quality
dr Cornelia Schäfter
FAMILY CENTRES AS PERSPECTIVE CENTRES OF EDCUATION AND DAY STAY FOR CHILDREN – CURRENT STAGE OF DEVELOPMENT IN GERMANY
Institutional education, upbringing and care for children should recognise the current requirements and expectations of parents and the situation of schools, factories and self-governments. In this context, the development of Family Centres, which constitute the next stage of the development of the pre-school system, is especially significant. This article presents the educational and social, economic and technical aspects of developing and functioning of Family Centres, as exemplified by the town of Offenburg.
Key words: Family Centre, upbringing, care
THE ROLE OF AUTHORITY IN SHAPING THE PERSONALITY OF THE CONTEMPORARY TEENAGER
Authorities have existed in every epoch and in all periods of history. They constituted the core of common life and the basis of all educational impacts. The concept of authority is not explicit. However, generalising the concept of authority, a certain interpersonal relation must be taken into account, a relation in which a person or a group of persons acknowledges the competences of other persons. Authorities can be divided into personal and impersonal. The role of authority in educating and shaping a man’s personality is now especially valid, because the belief that recognising authorities is a relic is getting more and more popular.
Key words: authority, upbringing, education, teacher
Renata Gulak, Anna Mołdoch
EDUCATIONAL NEEDS OF GLOBAL TEENAGERS
In the shadow of contemporary culture, a new generation grew up – the first generation in the history of humankind socialized by the virtual world of computers. This generation is known as Generation Y, the Millennial Generation, the Flip-Flop Generation, the Generation of I-pods or the Global Generation. It is characterized by the acceptance of dissimilarity, openness and easiness of making new contacts. Its guiding principle is: “Live as if you were to die tomorrow. Dream as if you were to live forever.” The Generation Y representatives are well-educated and ready to develop. Thus, education should change along with the changing reality and adapt to the needs of the new generation in order to give young people the best possibilities of development.
Key words: Generation Y, global teenager, the school of tomorrow
THE ROLE OF THE MASS MEDIA IN THE PROCESS OF EDUCATION
This article describes the role of the mass media in the process of educating young people. The author underlines the need, and even the necessity of media education of wide social groups, in particular teachers and tutors. The author’s own research shows clear influence of the mass media on secondary school students’ opinions, behaviour, life, and attitude towards learning.
Key words: mass-media, educational process, media education, upbringing
dr Igor Ostapyovsky
THEORETICAL AND PRACTICAL ASPECTS OF SHAPING THE SOCIAL EDUCATOR’S IMAGE
This article presents the idea of educating and professional training of social educators in Ukraine.
Key words: social pedagogy, social educator training
dr Stepan Guńko
PREPARING FUTURE SOCIAL EDUCATORS FOR THE ANALYSIS OF THE SOCIAL AND EDUCATIONAL RESULTS OF EMPRIRICAL RESEARCH
This article describes the characteristic features of educating future specialists in social pedagogy, and also points out to the need of developing the ability to analyse the social and educational results of empirical research.
Key words: analysis of empirical data, statistical criterion, statistical hypotheses
aspirant Tetiana Martynyuk
PSYCHOACTIVE SUBSTANCE ADDICTION PREVENTION IN ADOLESCENTS
This article describes the results of experimental educational effects with reference to psychoactive substance addiction prevention in teenagers.
Key words: psychoactive substance, addictions, prevention, therapy
dr Svitlana Cherneta
FAMILY-TYPE CHILDREN’S HOMES AS AN EFFECTIVE FORM OF CARE ABOUT ORPHANS: THEORETICAL ASPECTS
This article describes the theoretical aspects of functioning of „family-type children’s homes”, their main tasks and principles of operation. The author also presents a suggestion concerning a model of operation of a family-type children’s home.
Key words: orphans, family-type children’s home, parents, educators, model
dr Olena Bielkina-Kowalczuk
THE SOCIAL EDUCATOR’S FUNCTIONS IN SECONDARY SCHOOL
The author of this article describes the characteristic features of social educators’ work in schools in Ukraine. She describes their main tasks and professional functions.
Key words: social educator, social worker, social educators, functions
dr Nadija Korpach
PREPARING SOCIAL EDUCATORS FOR VOLUNTEER WORK
The author describes the role of volunteer work in the process of training future social workers and points out to the significance of volunteer work in a school of higher education.
Key words: volunteer work, social worker, school of higher education
dr Ludmyla Gusak, dr Svitlana Gedz
IMPLEMENTATION OF COMMUNICATIVE GOALS WHILE WORKING WITH TEXTS WRITTEN IN ENGLISH IN SOCIAL PEDAGOGY CLASSES
The article is concerned with the implementation of communicative goal while working with texts written in English in social pedagogy classes. This issue is quite vital since reading is one of the most important skills aiming at gaining information from various sources: newspapers, magazines, books and the Internet. This kind of communication is an effective way of satisfying the cognitive needs of the participants of the education process.
Key words: foreign language learning, communication, social pedagogy