AESTHETIC EDUCATION OF STUDENTS ON THE POLISH LANDS AT THE TURN OF THE 19TH AND THE 20TH CENTURIES
By aesthetic education the author means organised educational processes and the student’s own activities, aiming at shaping the student’s sensitivity to the aesthetic values of art and nature, developing aesthetic taste, expressed in the tendency to be surrounded by beauty, and expressing beauty in the student’s own artistic activity. The aim of the study was to show the form and methods of aesthetic education at the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries on the Polish lands, which were then under the Russian, Austrian and Prussian rule. Memoirs and fiction constituted the source material for the study. The invaders did not care for the aesthetic education of young Polish people, so young Polish people had to take care of it themselves: by reading masterpieces of Polish literature, forbidden by the invaders, and by taking part in cultural life. Students also became engaged in an independent artistic activity, taking part in staging Polish drama works and nativity plays and organizing literary lectures. Some young people conducted lively publicist and literary activities and developed their talents, for example musical or art talents, and later many of them became distinguished scholars or literary, culture and art creators.
Keywords: aesthetic education, participation in culture, artistic creation, literary creation, Polish memoirs from the 19th and 20th centuries, Polish 19th and 20th century fiction
AN INTEGRATED MODEL OF CULTURE THERAPY IN THE EDUCATION OF YOUNG PEOPLE AT RISK OF SOCIAL EXCLUSION
This article is concerned with the project implemented by the Higher School of Management and Administration in Zamość entitled: “An Integrated Model of Culture Therapy in the Education of Young People at Risk of Social Exclusion”. The article presents the main objectives, assumptions, project activities and the concept of the final product.
Keywords: culture therapy, music therapy, art therapy, drama therapy, social exclusion, social competence
MUSIC THERAPY AND REPERTOIRE SELECTION IN MUSIC THERAPY
Music therapy should be conducted in the conditions of good knowledge of the musical preferences of the person undergoing such a therapy. By an inadequate selection of music, the listener who is not prepared for the perception of a particular music piece, may not understand it, or may not like the kind and genre of music he or she is exposed to, and may be put in the state of boredom or even irritation. The article presents the idea of music therapy and includes notes on the musical preferences of young people and suggestions for the effective usage of music literature in the perception of music.
Keywords: art therapy, music therapy, musical preferences, perception of music, music education
DRAMA IN WORKING WITH YOUNG PEOPLE AT RISK OF SOCIAL EXCLUSION
Stimulating methods such as drama may successfully be used on every level of school education. Drama is used in working with talented students, but also with those who have problems with learning and good conduct. The paper presents selected drama techniques used in classes with students as part of the project A Culture Therapy of Young People at Risk of Social Exclusion’, implemented by the Higher School of Management and Administration in Zamość. Attention is drawn to how classes are conducted with the use of drama, drama advantages are presented, as well as the effects of work, backed up by examples from educational work.
Keywords: drama, improvised play, getting into the role, art therapy
ART THERAPY IN WORKING WITH YOUNG PEOPLE AT RISK OF SOCIAL EXCLUSION
As part of the project entitled ‘An Integrated Model of Culture Therapy in the Education of Young People at Risk of Social Exclusion’, young people from three middle schools in Zamość: The Adam Mickiewicz Middle School No. 1, The Cardinal Stefan Wyszyński Middle School No. 4 and the Queen Saint Jadwiga Middle School No. 6 took part in art classes. The classes were conducted once a month, from January 2012 to June 2012, and from October 2012 to March 2013. The paper presents the theoretical aspects of art therapy and their application to work with young people at risk of social exclusion, backed up by the author’s own experience.
Keywords: art therapy, social exclusion, lack of social adaptation, middle school students
Justyna Marta Przychodaj, Edward Przychodaj
THE GAP YEAR IN BUILDING ONE’S PERSONAL IDENTITY
The subject matter of the paper is a sociological characterization of the new phenomenon of long-term travel abroad of young people, which is becoming more and more common. The main goal of young people taking a gap year is not to undertake work, but to take time out from the typical everyday activity, and their main motive is to gain life experience, useful in many aspects, which helps to shape their own identity, and also social identity. On the basis of the analysis of the reflexive contents of such persons’ recollections, sometimes very personal, and thanks to that extremely valuable, we gain insight into the perspective of perception and planning of their everyday life and future and the creation of individual culture and liberation from various limitations so far. In this way they can also practice authenticity and construe themselves, try out their sense of self and experiment.
Keywords: social personality, personal identity, globalisation, modernity, culture of individualism and risk, life experience, professional activity, lifestyle, social stereotypes
NEETs IN POLISH SOUNDS LIKE NOTHING
A NEET or neet is a young person who is Not in Education, Employment, or Training. According to OECD NEETs are between 15-24 years. According to European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions NEETs are between 15-29 years. The fraction of NEETs in population of 15-24 (or 15-29) is a measure of disengagement from the labour market and perhaps from society in general. The acronym NEET was first used in the United Kingdom but its use has spread to other countries including Japan, China, and South Korea. NEETs in Polish language sounds like nothing. In the paper the basic problems and statistics of NEETs are presented.
Keywords: Not in Education, Employment, or Training (NEET), Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, European Union
RISK LEVELS OF THE VICTIMISATION OF TEENAGERS — GENERAL SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS
The author of the article presents basic problems of aggression and social adaptation of adolescents — general secondary school students.
Keywords: victims of aggressive teenagers, victimisation, teen personality
POSSIBILTIES OF EDUCATION MANAGEMENT IN PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION UNITS
This article presents the basic components of education management in an organisation and their descriptions, which help to work out procedures of education management in any public administration unit. The starting point (the first step) is a holistic analysis of educational needs, which comprises: defining goals, analysing educational needs with reference to the whole organisation, team and individual, and characterising methods of needs analysis. The methods of analysis are considered in the aspect of operationalization of strategic plans, effect review and development and the analysis of job positions, roles and scopes of competence. These analyses lead to the description of learning conditions addressed at a particular worker (individualization of training). The next step, programming educational processes and development, comprises concrete instructions for controlling the processes, including types of educational programmes, basic processes of learning and methods of training. The last step, training evaluation, is a synthetic presentation of four levels of training assessment and their applications in modern organisations.
Keywords: public administration unit, function of education and development, analysis of educational needs, methods of needs analysis, programming of learning and development, training assessment
Aleksandra Ochota, Małgorzata Mroczek
PHYSICAL ACTIVITY OF CHILDREN WITH DISABILITIES IN THE OPINION OF PARENTS
Summary: In accordance with the World Health Organization’s definition of a “child with a disability” is regarded as a child that no special concessions or aid from outside is completely, long-term or substantially unable to participate in the group properly developed and healthy peers. The main objective of the research was to investigate the health behaviours of physical activity in children with disabilities. A study shows that the third level of disability affects the frequency of physical activity by children; The fourth level of disability does not affect the children on trips rehabilitation
Keywords: children with disabilities, physical activity
THE NATURE OF DEATH IN THE CONCEPT OF THE DUALITY OF MAN
This article is concerned with the problem of death and its sense in the concept of duality. Many people ask themselves a question of whether death is the end of our existence, not only considering our worldly life but also the continuation of our life after death. Man lives with hope that some transcendental dimension of living is awaiting him in the future, which means that we are not going to be completely destroyed but will be continuing our life on a more excellent, non-material level. Such thinking is aimed at hope that there is a future life, which gives our death a meaningful dimension.
Keywords: the sense of death, human life, the concept of duality of man
METHODS OF SHAPING STUDENTS’ PERSONALITY
The article is concerned with the use of educational methods referring to the positive experiences connected with adolescence and influencing the process of shaping young people’s personality.
Keywords: morality, sense of self-esteem, personal life, student’s trust
Wasyl Szejko, Ała Ryżanowa
TRANSFORMATION OF SOCIAL PEDAGOGY IN THE CULTURE OF THE INFORMATION SOCIETY
This article analyses the directions of transformational processes in social pedagogy under the influence of the culture of the information society.
Key words: transformation of social pedagogy, socialisation, culture of the information society
CREATING A VISION OF THE PROFESSIONAL FUTURE OF SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN THE CONTEXT OF SCHOOL-PARENT CO-OPERATION
The main idea of the article is the creation of a vision of the professional future of secondary school students. The role of parents is considered in the context of shaping the professional future of young people.
Keywords: secondary school students, vision of professional future, parent-teacher cooperation
TRAINING OF FOREIGN LANGUAGE PRIMARY SCHOOL TEACHERS: TRADITION, EXPERIENCE AND PERSPECTIVES
This article analyses the contemporary approach to the training of foreign language primary school teachers in view of international experience. Special attention is paid to the notions of ‘general pedagogical’ and ‘special’ training and the relations between them. The author stresses the necessity of changing the training approaches from the traditional to communicative approach.
Keywords: training of foreign language primary school teachers, general and special education, communication skills
ANIMATION AS A SOCIAL AND EDUCATIONAL INNOVATION
The article describes the characteristic features and objectives of social and educational animation as a direction of social and educational actions.
Key words: animation, innovation, social pedagogy
THE INFLUENCE OF SELF-STIMULATION OF FIRST- GRADE STUDENTS, INFORMAL EDUCATIONAL IMRACT PEER LEADERS, ON THE SOCIAL ADAPTATION OF STUDENTS OF A TECHNICAL VOCATIONAL SCHOOL
The article is concerned with the importance of the social adaptation of students, as an important social and educational problem. It analyses the conditions of increasing the effectiveness of the educational impact.
Keywords: social adaptation, students, informal leaders in a technical vocational school
STUDENT GROUP—THE ENVIRONMENT FOR THE FORMATION OF SOCIAL ROLES
This article is concerned with the problem of a student group, which plays an important role in the formation of social roles and adaptation in a social environment.
Keywords: student group, socialisation, co-operation
THE THEORETICAL BASIS OF THE SOCIAL ADAPTATION OF PEDAGOGICAL UNIVERSITY FIRST-YEAR STUDENTS
This article presents the theoretical analysis of contemporary methods of the examination of the social adaptation of first-year students of a pedagogical university.
It shows the characteristic forms of social adaptation and difficulties in the process. It describes the conditions of a successful process of adaptation. An academic student group is regarded as one of the most important micro-social factors of personality development.
Keywords: social adaptation of first-year students, socialisation of an individual, social and cultural environment of students
B. Panasiuk and J. Skwarek (editors) book review: A Model of Integrated Culture Therapy for Young People at Risk of Social Exclusion