Year 2014

Czesław Galek

Wyższa Szkoła Zarządzania i Administracji w Zamościu

CULTURAL CONDITIONS OF EDUCATION. THE ORIGIN OF MODERN CIVILIZATION CONDITIONS

Abstract

Over the last two hundred years capitalism has shaped the society called a “modern” one and educated a new type of man called “homo oeconomicus,” whose life goal is a material success and the highest value — the benefit, living in luxury and constant increasing one’s wealth. Capitalism has also influenced the broadly understood culture, in which what is religious and spiritual has been replaced with what is secular, and the sacral dimension of man has been replaced with the material and utilitarian values. As a result of economic migration, family ties have weakened, which had a negative impact on the educational process in the family. The development of information technologies has contributed to the creation of a new quality of social life, in which the priority is information and communication. On this basis a new cultural movement has been created, called postmodernism, which is characterized by irrationalism, numerous “truths,” chaos in the process of thinking, negating universality and the need of any institutions, purposefulness and social life, characterized by moral relativism, promoting a consumer lifestyle and anti-pedagogy. Traditional pedagogy, as an antidote to the postmodern vision of man and world, encourages teaching a young man timeless values.

Keywords: modernism, postmodernism, timeless values education

Bernard Panasiuk

University of Management and Administration in Zamość

MUSICAL APTITUDE. CONCEPTS AND DEFINITIONS

Abstract

The structure of musical aptitude comprises many musical talents, which may coexist and create various mutual systems. Musical aptitude is one of the factors conditioning appropriate musical activity, which also has influence on the general development of students. This article presents issues connected with various methods of understanding and defining musical aptitude in the context of other major predispositions.

Keywords: musical aptitude, musical abilities, musicality, musical talent, musical pitch

 

Janusz Skwarek

Wyższa Szkoła Zarządzania i Administracji w Zamościu

ILLITERACY—CONTEMPORARY PROBLEMS

Abstract

This article is concerned with contemporary illiteracy and its various forms and characteristic features. Attention is drawn to the reasons for adult illiteracy and to its results, as well as to the possibilities of avoiding such problems. Illiteracy is defined as a lack of the ability to read and write and inablity to make basic calculations by adults (according to the criteria of the UNESCO – by persons over the age of 15). In contemporary highly developed societies, the problem is a marginal one. However, now the scale of secondary illiteracy and functional illiteracy (which means that a person cannot understand and use printed information and graphic presentations such as icons, schemes and diagrams). What is meant here is the inabiliy to understand the simplest instructions or for example inability to complete the simplest forms. Mathematical illiteracy and more and more common cultural illiteracy also become a problem. At present, also illiteracy called civilisation illiteracy, which comprises total illiteracy, IT illiteracy and functional illiteracy, is distinguished. It may be assumed that civilisation illiteracy is inability to use any civilisation gains, inability to benefit from the rights a person has and use information, technologies, cultural goods and logistic solutions.

Keywords: illiteracy, types of illiteracy, counteracting illiteracy

 

 

Dorota Grądalska

Instytut Pedagogiki Uniwersytetu Jagiellońskiego w Krakowie

A HOME APPLIANCE FOR THE PRODUCTION OF THE ILLITERATE. THE INFLUENCE OF TELEVISION ON SPEECH AND LANGUAGE DEVELOPMENT IN CHILDREN

Abstract

This article discusses the impact of television on the creation of developmental speech and language deficits in children. This issue is examined in relation to various aspects of the physical and intellectual development of a child. The article discusses issues concerning the impact of television on children’s motor skills and perceptual-motor skills, children’s motivation to speak and interact with the environment, the efficiency of their speech muscles, their cognitive activity, range of vocabulary, grammatical competence and phonological skills. According to this article watching television is one of many activities that take place in the child’s educational environmental and which influence the child’s speech and language development. In view of the results of the research discussed in this article, the following postulates are formulated: the time children spend watching television should be reduced and it should be adapted to the age of the young viewer.

Keywords: television, influence of television, language development, speech development

 

 

Justyna Marta Przychodaj1, Edward Przychodaj2

1 Wyższa Szkoła Informatyki i Zarządzania w Rzeszowie

2 Wyższa Szkoła Zarządzania i Administracji w Zamościu

THE TRANSFORMATION AND THE VALUE SYSTEM OF THE YOUNG GENERATION ILLUSTRATED BY EXAMPLES OF POLISH AND SPANISH YOUTHS

Abstract

This article is concerned with values as the subject of sociological studies, illustrated by examples of Polish and Spanish youths. An attempt has been undertaken to analyse this sociological category from the perspective of selected aspects: cognitive, methodological, comparative, theoretical and practical. The publication is a sketch with elements of an essay and comprises a proposal of empirical research into the relationship between the transformation of the political system and the value system of the young generation in Poland and Spain. Such an approach results from the assumption that hypothetically there are similarities between the development of both these countries – between the societies and states, the specifics of their social, cultural and political contexts, and universal tendencies resulting from globalization. The approach adapted in the article is characterised by an individual design concept of the research, which takes into account the substantive perspective, including an outline of the hypotheses requiring verification, as well as many detailed elements such as logistics and organization.

Keywords: values, social and political transformation, public awareness, globalization, information policy and media, youth as a social group, methodology of the sociological research and research techniques

 

 

Bartosz Ziółko1,3, Sebastian Dziadzio1, Magdalena Wierzańska2

1 Akademia Górniczo-Hutnicza w Krakowie

2 Wyższa Szkoła Zarządzania i Administracji w Zamościu

3 Techmo sp. z o.o.

THE SPEECH TECHNOLOGY COURSE AT AGH UNIVERSITY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY IN CRACOW AS AN EXAMPLE OF INTERDISCIPLINARY TEACHING

Abstract

The article is concerned with interdisciplinary teaching of speech processing in such fields of study as Acoustic Engineering, Electronics and Telecommunications and Information Technology at AGH University of Science and Technology in Cracow in the context of the latest novelization of the Act on Higher Education and the needs of the labour market. The reasons for which humanistic and scientific knowledge and skills are a required element in the education of engineers of the above mentioned specialisations are described. The methodology of teaching is presented as well as the perception of this teaching by AGH students.

Keywords: interdisciplinary teaching, speech processing, modern technologies, methodology of teaching

 

 

Mieczysław Dudek

Wyższa Szkoła Menedżerska w Warszawie

PARENTAL STRESS ASSOCIATED WITH RAISING A CHILD WITH ADHD

Abstract

All parents experience stress, however, parents who have children with disabilities (or a developmentally impaired child) go through many more stressful situations. Many researchers who study the situation of parents who have children with various developmental disorders emphasise that having a child with developmental disorders, especially one with ADHD, has multidimensional impact on the functioning of the child’s family and is a major source of stress. Such parents have to devote more energy and time to the upbringing of their child. It also influences the social situation and health conditions of the family, both in the physical and psychological sense. Many parents who do not have any problems with their healthy children turn out to be completely helpless in relation to a child with ADHD.

Keywords: ADHD, stress, parental burnout, family support

 

 

Andrzej Balasiewicz

Akademia Humanistyczna im. Aleksandra Gieysztora w Pułtusku

ENGAGEMENT AND OPENNESS FROM THE VIEWPOINT OF MANAGEMENT AND LABOUR PEDAGOGY

Summary

The article is concerned with such competencies as engagement and openness, which to a great extent determine the success of an organization. These competencies guide the human thought and organize it around the issues which are important for the functioning of an organization and for the functioning of a man within this organisation. They lead to cooperation based on shared responsibility, trust, and mutual benefits. In the article the author points to the need of development of such competencies as engagement and openness at school and in an organization based on specific strategies, methods and techniques.

Keywords: engagement, management through engagement, openness, participatory openness, reflective openness, strategy of engagement

 

 

Magdalena Panasiuk

Wyższa Szkoła Zarządzania i Administracji w Zamościu (studentka SP Pedagogika)

THE IMPACT OF INVESTMENT IN THE EDUCATION SECTOR ON THE SOCIO-ECONOMIC SITUATION IN POLAND

Abstract

The socio-economic situation of our country determines various aspects of the citizens’ everyday life. Economic growth is a constant process increasing the level of the social well-being. This article is an attempt to answer the question of whether investment in the education sector has impact on the socio-economic situation of Poland. In the analyses macroeconomic indicators were used: real GDP, registered unemployment rates and the number of students and public higher education school graduates. The Pearson product-moment correlation coefficient was used in the research. Thanks to that the relation between investment in education and the so called macroeconomic indicators was determined.

Keywords: education, investment, GDP, unemployment rate, higher school graduates

 

 

Józef Jędruch

The Beskid Higher School of Skills in Żywiec

DETENTION AS AN ISOLATION COERCIVE MEASURE

Abstract

Detaining a person, both in the course of pending proceedings and in other situations, is one of most crucial activities which fall within the competence of enforcement agencies. On the one hand detention exerts a significant impact on the pending proceedings or other actions undertaken by authorized organs, and on the other hand, regardless of its form, it affects the citizens’ rights guaranteed by the Constitution.

Keywords: deprivation of liberty, detention, procedural detention

 

 

Justyna Marta Przychodaj1, Edward Przychodaj2

1 Wyższa Szkoła Informatyki i Zarządzania w Rzeszowie

2 Wyższa Szkoła Zarządzania i Administracji w Zamościu

POLES IN KAZAKHSTAN. WHY POLAND DOESN’T WANT US?

Abstract

The article is a reflection over selected cognitive and methodological problems of Poles in Central Asia, with a particular emphasis on Polish people living in Kazakhstan. The subject matter is analysed both from the historical perspective and from the contemporary one, and is set in the context of the international and domestic situation of the Republic of Poland in the 90s of the twentieth century. This article is written from the sociological point of view, with clearly indicated elements of the socalled dedicated journalism relating to the problems of emigration and repatriation, with a particular emphasis on the conditions and some social and moral aspects of the identity of our compatriots in the East.

Keywords: Central Asia, Poles in Kazakhstan, migration, repatriation, ethnic identity, diaspora, exiles, culture, social awareness, Polish communities abroad

 

 

Petro Husak, Tetiana Martyniuk

Wschodnioeuropejski Uniwersytet Narodowy im. Łesi Ukrainki

STAGES OF RESOCIALIZATION IN A LAW LIGHT

Abstract

IIn the article the author analyses the scientific literature concerning the legal, educational and psychological aspects of the process of rehabilitation. On this basis, the author defines specific stages of rehabilitation both in the practical and in the theoretical sense.

Keywords: rehabilitation, personality, penitentiary influence, education, training, work

 

 

Iryna Sydoruk

Wschodnioeuropejski Uniwersytet Narodowy im. Łesi Ukrainki

THE METHODOLOGY OF TRAINING FUTURE SOCIAL EDUCATORS TO PREVENT CHILDREN FROM TAKING PSYCHOACTIVE SUBSTANCES

Abstract

This article discusses the methodology of training future social educators to prevent children from taking psychoactive substances. The diagnostic methods such as questionnaires, tests, and diagnostic maps are presented, which check future social educators’ readiness for work with children to prevent them from taking such substances.

Keywords: diagnostics, readiness, levels of readiness, prevention, use of psychoactive substances, future social educators

 

 

Taras Gusak

Narodowy Pedagogiczny Uniwersytet im. Michała Dragomanowa

THE PSYCHOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF A PERSON’S BEHAVIOUR IN A CROWD

Abstract

The article presents the psychological characteristic properties of the crowd such as instinctiveness, impulsiveness, changeability, irritability, suggestion and aggressiveness. Special attention is paid to extreme situations in which a person is subjected to crowd action. The article analyses the features of a person’s behaviour depending on such factors such as stress, frustration and emotional stress, etc. It has been proven that learning the basic laws of human behaviour in a crowd is important for the prevention of riots.

Keywords: psychological characteristics, crowds, mass action, riots, prevention of riots