2015 Vol. XVII No. 1

Robert Walaszek1, Wojciech Porada2, Anna Marszałek3, Katarzyna Walaszek4, Marcin Burdacki4
1 Katedra Rekreacji i Odnowy Biologicznej Akademii Wychowania Fizycznego w Krakowie
2 Ośrodek Rehabilitacyjny Wichrowe Wzgórze w Siemianowicach Śląskich
3 Publiczna Szkoła Podstawowa Stowarzyszenia Przyjaciół Szkół Katolickich w Hucisku Pewelce
4 Akademia Wychowania Fizycznego w Krakowie, student I roku SUM kierunku Fizjo­terapia

THE ASSESSMENT OF THE BODY POSTURE AND MOTOR ABILITIES OF WOMEN PLAYING MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS

Abstract: Young musicians who keep mastering their instrument playing skills often sit in the same position for many hours a day. These positions are non-physiological and unhealthy in terms of maintaining the proper body posture. zsim-tom-xvii-zeszyt-2Symmetric and asym­metric, static and dynamic overloading of some parts of the motor system during a prolonged musical training may have a negative impact on the quality of motor abilities. This study’s objective was to compare the body posture and, by using appropriate tests to assess motor abilities of women, who played wind and string musical instruments. The subjects of this study were Ą2 female music students of Akademia Muzyczna im. Karola Szymanowskiego in Katowice, aged between 20-25. The study was conducted between 15-20 February 2015. Half of the subjects played string instruments whereas the other half played wind instruments. The scoring method by Kasperczyk was used to assess the body posture, and for the assessment of the motor abilities some selected parts of the Eurofit test were used. The flexibility of the subjects was assessed using the Fingertip-to-Floor (FTF) test. The skills were measured using a special instrument which had been prepared prior to the test. The main statistical measures were used in order to describe the subjects; the arithmetic mean () and standard deviation (s) were calculated. The t-student test was used to analyse the differences between the measured parameters. The tests showed that the women who played wind instruments had a very good body posture, whereas the other women who played string instruments had an average body posture. More specific motor ability tests proved that it was sometimes the women playing dent instruments who achieved better results in the tests, and another time it was the women who played string instruments who performed better.

Keywords: musicians, body posture, postural anomalies, motor abilities

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2014 Vol. XVI No. 2

zsim-2014-xvi-2Barbara Jurkowska1, Tomasz Saran1, Wioletta Tuszyńska-Bogucka2, Elżbieta Pietryka-Michałowska3, Grzegorz Nowicki4, Andrzej Prystupa5, Marcin Gniewek6

1 Instytut Medycyny Wsi w Lublinie
2 Zakład Psychologii Wychowawczej i Psychologii Rodziny, Instytut Psychologii, UMCS w Lublinie
3 Zakład Matematyki i Biostatystyki Medycznej, Uniwersytet Medyczny, Lublin
4Zakład Kwalifikowanej Pomocy Medycznej z Pracownią Ratownictwa Medycznego, Uniwersytet Medyczny w Lubline
5 Katedra i Klinika Chorób Wewnętrznych, Uniwersytet Medyczny w Lublinie
6 Zakład Rehabilitacji i Fizjoterapii Katedry Rehabilitacji, Fizjoterapii i Balneoterapii, Uniwersytetu Medycznego w Lublinie

Stress management and disease acceptance in patients with osteoarthritis

Abstract

Our contemporary times are marked by a cult of health, youth and fitness, and the onset of a disease of affluence affecting the skeletal system(such as osteoarthritis) brings a crisis that induces the need to adjust the stress management styles and the level of disease acceptance to the current state of health and activity level. Depending on the type of the joint affected and the subjective assessment of the severity of the illness, patients prefer to follow various styles of stress management, and their acceptance level depends on how much of their fitness they have lost and how much pain they feel, both of which are the main everyday symptoms of the disease felt by patients. In recognition of this, the extended period of professional activity and the challenges of the difficult labour market result in patients needing broadly defined medical rehabilitation that would take into account not only the medical aspect, but also generally defined psychological assistance aimed at changing the perception of the stressor – disease, as well as increasing the level of disease acceptance so as to improve the quality of life of patients and their families.

Keywords: osteoarthritis, acceptance of illness, coping with stress

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2014 Vol. XVI No. 1

Rafał Sapuła

Katedra Fizjoterapii Wyższej Szkoły Informatyki i Zarządzania w Rzeszowie Katedra Fizjoterapii Wyższej Szkoły Zarządzania i Administracji w Zamościu Zamojska Klinika Rehabilitacji WSZiA w Zamościu

okladka_2014_1Controversies in using the barthel index in care-treatment ward

Abstract

Background. Bartel Index is the most commonly used scale to assess performance of activities of daily living (ADL). Bartel Index assesses ten basic activities of daily living.

Objective. Evaluation of the functional status of patients in Care-Treatment Ward and the possibility of using the Barthel Index.

Material and method. The study used a author’s questionnaire and an anonymous question-naire. The questionnaires was conducted in 86 Care-Treatment Wards in Poland. Some of the questions the questionnaires has not responded.

Results. Over 60% of respondents think that the Barthel Index is not an objective tool and does not reflect the correct functional state in patients of Care-Treatment Ward.

Conclusions. Barthel Index does not describe the functional status of patients of Care-Treatment Ward. Barthel Index is dedicated to the functional assessment of patients with neurological diseases ex.: stroke, craniocerebral trauma, brain tumors. Barthel Index makes interpretation problems for medical staff in Care-Treatment Ward.

Keywords: Barthel Index, Care-Treatment Ward

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2013 Vol. XV No. 2

Ewa Puszczałowska-Lizis, Joanna Cisek

OCCURRENCE OF SPINE PAIN COMPLAINTS IN WORKERS OF ELECTROMECHANICAL INDUSTRY

Abstract

Background. Medicine of work is science, which deals manners of protection employees in his work-place and during its practice. This science researches of change reach in human organism influenced by work.

Aim. The analysis of spine pain complaints in workers of electromechanical industry.

Material and method. Diagnostic survey include 50 workers with a long practice, at least 20 years in electromechanical industry. Researchers were in the 38-55 range. Numbers and percentages schedules of answers on chosen questions of questionnaire were calculated. The collected research results were analyzed with the use of a nonparametric test of independence x2 with significance level of a = 0,05.

Results. The study showed that the 96% of respondents experienced spine pain complaints at least once in their lives. In the majority of cases pain complaints concern lumbar parts of spine and are closely connected with the character of respondents’ work. Only 20% of respondents declare solid observance of work ergonomics. In order to eliminate pain 50% of respondents use physiotherapy and 32% pharmacotherapy. Majority of respondents observed the improvement of the quality of life as the effect of used physiotherapy.

Conclusions. The pain complaints of workers of electromechanical industry are frequent. The awareness of researchers concerning work ergonomics is scarce. The results of research emphasize the necessity for informing workers about importance of work ergonomics observance. Moreover, they indicate the need for the implementation of new concepts of work organization with reference to researched professional group.

Keywords: medicine of work, work ergonomics, electromechanical industry.

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2013 Vol. XV No. 1

zsim-fizjoterapia-tom-xv-zeszyt-1Kamila Gworys, Jacek Ratuszyński, Przemysław Gworys, Anna Puzder, Tomasz Adamczewski, Jolanta Kujawa

THE INFLUENCE OF REHABILITATION ON THE FUNCTIONAL STATUS OF PATIENTS AFTER TOTAL KNEE REPLACEMENT

Background. Knee osteoarthritis is one of the most frequent painful conditions in the human population. Total knee replacement is the standard treatment for patients with severe knee osteoarthritis. The objective of the study was to evaluate the efficacy of the rehabilitation protocol on the functional status of patients after total knee replacement.

Materials and methods. 47pts after total knee replacement were included in the study. The effectiveness of therapy was evaluated with the use of: Knee injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS) and The Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC knee). The individual program of rehabilitation and education was performed in the patients. The evaluation was performed twice: at the beginning and after 2 month of rehabilitation. The statistical analysis of results was performed with the MedCalc v. 11.6.1.0.

Results. A significantly improvement in KOOS (from 112,6 to 73,2 point) and in WOMAC (from 80,2 to 44,6 point) was observed. in the subjects of group after rehabilitation protocol.

Conclusions. The patient directly after total knee replacement have poor physical condition measured by KOOS and WOMAC knee scale. The improvement of physical condition was received after rehabilitation. The rehabilitation after total knee replacement reduces pain and stiffness, and improves functional ability, such as bringing up, dressing, riding car.

Keywords: knee osteoarthritis, total knee replacement, physiotherapy

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Year 2012, Issue 2

zsim-2012-zeszyt-2Yevhen Dzis1,2 Ivan Dzis3, Oleksandra Tomashevska1

1 Danylo Halytsky Lviv National Medical University

2 University of Management and Administration in Zamość

3 State Institution “Institute of Blood Pathology and Transfusion Medicine, Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine”, Lviv

Factors Affected Quality of Life of Patients Treated for Lymphoproliferative Diseases

Background. Lymphoproliferative disorders are the group of hematoonkological diseases. Manifestations of these diseases, adverse effects of treatment and complications may significantly reduce patients’ quality of life (QoL).

The aim of the study was to examine the QoL of patients with lymphoproliferative diseases according to their socio-demographic profiles, education and clinical data.

Methods. This study involved 55 patients diagnosed with non-Hodgkin lymphoma, chronic lymphocytic leukemia, Hodgkin lymphoma, and multiple myeloma. The EORTC QLQ-C30 questionnaire was used to measure their QoL. Additionally, it was used a self-composed questionnaire to assess some socio-demographic factors, patients’ awareness of their diseases, assessment of QoL in percentages and level of trust in physicians. Continue reading

Year 2012, Issue 1 (ZSiM 35)


THE USEFULNESS OF THE TRADITIONAL ELECTRODIAGNOSTIC METHODS IN THE DIAGNOSIS AND ASSESSING THE EFFECTS OF TREATMENT OF PATIENTS WITH CARPAL TUNNEL SYNDROME — PRELIMINARY REPORT
Jolanta Zwolińska, Andrzej Kwolek

Introduction. Traditional electrodiagnostic methods are not fully used in diagnosing and monitoring the outcomes of rehabilitation. These are non-invasive methods which are commonly available in all physiotherapy rooms and may be helpful in taking decisions related to therapy.
Purpose. The study aimed at accessing the usefulness of electrodiagnostic parameters in monitoring the process of rehabilitation in patients with carpal tunnel syndrome.
Material and method. The study group included 6 patients referred for physiotherapy due to carpal tunnel syndrome. Altogether 8 hands were analysed: 6 right and 2 left hands. The study applied quantity-based electrodiagnostic methods. Nervous excitability of thenar muscles was assessed. The following values were measured: rheobase, chronaxie, accommodation threshold, and accommodation index. The assessment also included subjective clinical symptoms, and a computer method was used to measure the range of motion in hand joints, and hand grip strength. Examinations were performed before the rehabilitation programme was initiated and after it was concluded. The rehabilitation programme included sonication, whirlpool massage, and neuromobilization of the median nerve. Continue reading

Year 2011 (ZSiM 34)

Metody fizjoterapeutyczne w piśmiennictwie lekarskim okresu II Rzeczpospolitej

Piotr Jankowski
Metody zaliczane do fizjoterapii rozwijane były od tysięcy lat. Powstawały procedury uznane i stosowane do dzisiaj, ale też niektóre z metod postępowania zostały po pewnym czasie z różnych przyczyn zaniechane. Nawet te „nietrafione sposoby” przynosiły możliwość poznania „praw i zasad” rządzących ciałem ludzkim i jako takie mają miejsce w historii medycyny.

Słowa kluczowe: fizykoterapia, historia, zaniechane metody.

Pobierz pełną treść artykułu: P.Jankowski, Metody fizjoterapeutyczne … (PDF)

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Year 2010 (ZSiM 31)

Pełne teksty artykułów znajdują się w bazie:
e-Publikacje Nauki Polskiej

WPŁYW MAGNETOSTYMULACJI GAŁEK OCZNYCH NA POLE WIDZENIA, FUNKCJĘ RĘKI I CHÓD U CHORYCH ZE STWARDNIENIEM ROZSIANYM – DONIESIENIE WSTĘPNE

Waldemar Szwejkowski1 Józef Opara2 Zenon Pidsudko3

1Centrum Medyczne w Szczytnie 2Akademia Wychowania Fizycznego w Katowicach 3Uniwersytet Warmińsko-Mazurski w Olsztynie

Streszczenie

Wstęp. Pozagałkowe zapalenie nerwu wzrokowego (Neuritis retrobulbaris) jest u 1/3 chorych pierwszym objawem stwardnienia rozsianego (SR). W okresie późniejszym, kiedy choroba jest pełnoobjawowa już ¾ chorych wykazuje objawy uszkodzenia nerwu wzrokowego. Dolegliwości, które pacjenci zgłaszają to: obniżenie ostrości wzroku, zaburzenia widzenia barwnego, obniżenie wrażliwości na kontrast oraz ubytki w polu widzenia. Może to powodować problemy w wykonywaniu czynności życia codziennego (ang. Activities of Daily Living – ADL).

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Year 2009

AKTYWNOŚĆ UZDROWISKOWEGO OŚRODKA DIALIZACYJNEGO W WYSOWEJ

Franciszek Kokot

Katedra i Klinika Nefrologii, Endokrynologii i Chorób Przemiany Materii Śląskiego Uniwersytetu Medycznego w Katowicach

Uzdrowisko Wysowa leży na północnym stoku Karpat w obrębie Beskidu Niskiego, w górnym brzegu rzeki Ropy. Miejscowość Wysowa znajduje się na wysokości 550 m nad poziomem morza. Uzdrowisko Wysowa charakteryzuje się względnie stałym i łagodnym klimatem, dużym nasłonecznieniem, kryształowo czystym powietrzem oraz urzekającą ciszą. Te fizyczne właściwości sprawiły, że Wysowa od przeszło dwóch i pół wieku wykorzystywana jest jako uzdrowisko. Rzadkim atutem uzdrowiska jest niesamowite bogactwo źródeł wód mineralnych, z których zaledwie kilka eksploatowanych jest do celów leczniczych. Wysowa posiada bogato wyposażony ośrodek przyrodoleczniczy oraz romantyczną pijalnię wód! Zarówno pierwsza, jak i druga wojna światowa nie oszczędziły Wysowej, która w wyniku działań wojennych uległa prawie całkowitemu zniszczeniu. Toteż lata 1945-1967 były okresem intensywnej rekonstrukcji uzdrowiska. W 1967 roku Ministerstwo Zdrowia i Opieki Społecznej oficjalnie uznało Wysową jako uzdrowisko. […]

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